Glossary Of Consumer Finance Terms

A guide to many of the terms used in the consumer finance market.

A

Acceptance Rate – The percentage of customers that are successful when applying for a loan or credit card. 66% or more applicants must be offered the advertised rate know as the Typical APR (See 'Typical APR' below).

Annual Percentage Rate (APR) – The rate of interest payable annually on the loan or credit card balance. This allows potential customers to compare lenders. Under the Consumer Credit Act Lenders are legally required to disclose their APR.

Arrears – Missed payments on a loan, credit card, mortgage or most kinds of debt are termed Arrears. The borrower has a legally binding obligation to settle any arrears as soon as possible.

Arrangement Fee – Generally for the administration costs of setting up a mortgage.

B

Base Rate – The interest rate set by the Bank of England. This is the rate charged to banks for lending from the Bank of England. The base rate and how it may change in the future has a direct influence on the interest rate a bank may charge the consumer on a loan or mortgage.

Business Loans – A loan specifically for a business and generally based on the businesses past and likely future performance.

C

Car Loan – A loan specifically for the purchase of a car.

Consumer Credit Association (CCA) – Repeats most businesses in the consumer credit industry. Government, local authorities, financial bodies, finance focused media and consumer groups are all members. Members sign a constitution and must follow a code of practice and business conduct.

County Court Judgment (CCJ) – A CCJ can be issued by a County Court to an individual that has failed to settle outstanding debts. A CCJ will adversely affect the credit record of an individual and can possibly result in them being refused credit. A CCJ will stay on a credit record for 6 years. It is possible to avoid this major negative stain on your credit record by settling the CCJ in full within one month of receiving it, in this case no details of the CCJ will be stored on your credit record.

Credit Crunch – A situation where Lenders cut back on their lending simultaneously usually down to a shared fear that borrowers will not be able to repay their debts.

Credit File – Information stored by credit reference agencies, such as Experian, Equifax and CallCredit, on an individuals credit and borrowing arrangements. The Credit File is checked when Lenders consider a credit application.

Credit Reference Agencies – Companies that keep records of individuals credit and borrowing arrangements, amounts owed, with who and payments made, including any defaults, CCJ's, arrears etc.

Credit Search – The general search undertaken by the Lender with the credit reference agencies.

D

Debt C0nsolidation – The transfer of multiple debts to a single debt via a loan or credit card.

Default – When a regular debt repayment is missed. A default will be recorded on an …

The Relationship Between Insurance and Finance

Insurance and finance are closely interwoven fields of business, not least because they both involve money. They also often both involve speculation and risk, and often where one goes, the other will follow. Take property investment for example, it involves a large amount of capital out lay, swiftly followed by insurance to protect the capital investment. It would be ridiculous to spend such a vast sum of money on a venture and not protect it against possible damage. It therefore makes sense to store information on these two subjects together, as the relationship is so logical.

Insurance is a form of risk management used to protect the insured against the risk of a loss. It is defined as the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss from one entity to another in exchange for a premium. There are different types of insurance for just about every conceivable event. The most common insurance is probably life insurance, which provides a monetary benefit to a decedent's family or other designated beneficiary.

It can cover funeral or burial costs and can be paid out to the beneficiary in either a lump sum or as an annuity. Property insurance is one of the more necessary insurances as property is extremely expensive and if it is lost or damaged for some reason (fire, earthquake, flood) it can be very difficult to replace without adequate reimbursement. Travel insurance used to be seen as an unnecessary expense and is still viewed as such by many. Its importance is, however, being considered recognized by the public at large. It is cover taken by those who travel abroad and covers certain unforeseen events such as medical expenses, loss of personal belongings, travel delays etc. There are numerous other types of insurance, too many to mention, all vital if you want to protect something of particular importance to you or another.

In the world of finance there are many sub-categories, also too numerous to mention but a few will be included here. Forex, or the foreign exchange market wherever one currency is traded for another. It includes trading between banks, speculators, institutions, corporations, governments, and other financial markets. The average daily trade in the global forex is over US $ 3 trillion.

Tax consulting usually involves CPAs and tax lawyers in addressing any tax issues that you may have. There may also be Professional Strategic Tax Planners and Enrolled Agents, depending on the company that you hire. They will help you reduce your tax debt, eliminate tax penalties, an innocent spouse claim, tax liens, bank levies, and preparing unfilled tax returns, as well as any other tax resolution problem that you might have.

Property investment is usually when an investor buys property with an eye to generate profit and not to occupy it. It is an asset that has been purchased and held for future appreciation, income or portfolio purposes. In some instances an investment property does not have to be held for profit, as some landlords in New …

Trade Finance As A Business Development Strategy

Without trade finance, there wouldn't be Indian spices, clothes, or jewelry in the United States. Or Apple's iPhones in China, much less any other international product at any respectable distance from its origin.

In fact, according to Investopedia, the World Trade Organization (WTO) estimates that international world trade has expanded 80% -90% thanks to trade finance.

For this to continue, companies need to include trade finance in their business development strategies.

How do you do that? Learn how you can incorporate trade finance into your business development strategy.

Incorporate Inland Trade Finance in Market Penetration and Market Development

Market penetration and market development are key parts of a business development strategy. Market development involves selling more of your service or product to repeat customers.

While market penetration is about expanding your product or service to other cities and provinces, it can involve inland trade finance. As you may have to renegotiate local and provincial trade deals.

For instance, let's say you sell jewelry. A business from a neighboring city may purchase your jewelry and sell it to its customers.

You have a long history with this client. And know that your product is selling quickly in your customers' shop. In which case, you could propose selling the client more jewelry for a bulk price.

After negotiating, the client agrees. However, despite the long, positive history you've had with the client, the client may not feel comfortable paying you before you export the jewelry.

This is where a trade financier or banking institution comes in, providing a letter of credit promising that you will export the jewelry upon payment.

Consider the Internet and Brick-and-Mortar Stores

If you're already selling more of your product or service to clients, perhaps it's time to branch out to another channel such as the Internet?

If you run a successful e-commerce store, maybe it's time to start a brick-and-mortar store as well?

That way, your customers have more options where to buy your products.

Especially when it comes to brick-and-mortar stores, trade finance can help you secure new import and export trade deals-especially when there are multiple currencies involved.

Creating a New Product or Service for Repeat and New Customers

With repeat customers, you're doubling the number of products the repeat client is importing.

And, with new clients, your new product or service will expand your client base. It's important that you first create new products for your repeat customers before jumping to new customers, as it involves more risk.

Again, trade finance can help cultivate more trust during this period of growth. Since trade financiers or banking institutions can create letters of credit, laying out the terms the importer and exporters must follow.

Final Thoughts About Your Business Development Strategy

Know that growth doesn't happen in a day; It's harder for businesses to jump from market penetration to supplying new products to new clients.

This is why we recommend that you approach growth slowly. However, know that trade finance may help increase the number of …

The 10 Great Strategies On How To Improve Your Personal Finance Immediately

1. Know your current financial standing.

Before you can make any plans to save for any activity, be it for your children's education, retirement or buy that dream home, you need to know where you stand financially today. You may need to take the trouble of getting a financial planner if you do not know how to create a financial plan. If you do know how to create a financial plan then you can save a fair bit of money in engaging a financial planner.

2. Save regularly.

Getting into the habit of saving is a good virtue. You will never know when you are in dire need of that extra cash when unforeseen events happen like job retrenchment or a loved one becomes ill which requires a lot of medical attention incurring high medical costs. As a guide it is a must for you to have set aside 3-6 months of your current salary to meet emergency needs.

3. Control your cash flow.

No matter how rich you are, you must be able to control your cash flow. The simple rule is what comes into your pocket needs to be more than what goes out of your pocket. You need to be aware which item is giving you income and what is causing you to spend.

4. Reduce your expenses

Start by keeping track of your daily, weekly then monthly expenses. Find those expenses that are not a necessity and eliminate them. A good example of this is paying for magazine subscriptions which you do not read. When you have identified all these items that are not worth your dollar, you can greatly reduce your expenses by 25-30%. It is advisable to only have one credit card so that you can better track your expenses. Make sure you pay the full amount by the due date of every credit card invoice before it snowballs into an incredible debt.

5. Review your debts

As a rule of thumb, your debt incurrence should not exceed 30-35% of your total income. Gambling and vices are good candidates that can lead you into debt. Poor money management can also lead you into debt even you could have struck the 2 million lottery or inherited a big wealth from your relative.

6. Be frugal but not stingy

Only purchase goods when it gives you good value for your money. It is wise if you know when to buy something of quality and pay a premium versus when to buy something less branded but still serves the same purpose as a branded item. If you were to always choose the items based on cheap pricing, that item could fail in a short time causing you to purchase another, this will lead you into greater expenses than you originally did not anticipate. You will also be labeled as someone who is stingy, not willing to spend the money when it is absolutely necessary.

7. Review your investment portfolio

If you have invested in stocks, mutual funds …

Structured Trade Finance – What Does It Mean?

Structured trade finance (STF), a type of debt finance, is used as an alternative to conventional lending. This form of finance is utilized regularly in developing countries, as well as, in relation to cross border transactions. The objective is to encourage trade by making use of non-standard security. STF is generally used in high-value transactions in bilateral trading relationships. As a more complicated type of finance, STF is commonly related to commodity trading.

Within the commodity sector, STF products are most prevalent. It is used by producers, processors, traders, as well as, end-users. These financial arrangements are tailored by banking organizations to meet the precise needs of the clients. STF products are primarily working capital financing, warehouse financing and pre-export financing. There are also some institutions that extend reserve-based lending, as well as, finance the conversion of raw materials into products, along with other customized finance products. In order to promote trading activities, STF products are extended across the supply chain.

STF structures are sponsored by limited recourse trade finance lines. The structure aims at offering better security mechanism and to act as an enhancement on the position of the borrower when viewed in isolation.

How Has Technological Advancements Complemented STF?

Trade credit insurance, bank assurances, letters of credit, factoring and forfeiting are some of the STF products that have been positively affected by the latest technological advancements. These products have changed due to the recent developments. The massive progress in communication and information domains have also helped the banking institutions to track the physical risks and events in the supply chain between the exporter and the importer.

Why are STF Facilities Used?

Structured trade finance products are used so that the risks related to trading in specific country and different jurisdictions can be mitigated. Any transaction together with STF products help to add resilience to the trade and the same cannot be said when looking at financing the individual elements of a trade. Moreover, it allows for lengthening the payment time, strategizing procurement, diversifying funding and enhancing the ability for clients to boost the facility sizes.

What makes STF extremely attractive is that the borrower's strength in the transaction is not scrutinized as closely as compared to a vanilla loan. Here, the focus is more on the structure and the underlying cash flows. Another reason for STF's popularity is that the transactions are not reflected in the balance sheet of a company and the presence of this financing option has helped several importers to maintain flexible credit terms with exporters.

In recent years, structured trade finance products coupled with the recent advances in technology are considered as the fundamental reasons for the increasing volumes of international trade.

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Tips for Personal Finance

Monitoring income and expenses is a tedious process that requires patience and foresight. While it may be dull to balance your checkbook and ensure bills are being paid, the security provided from managing your money is priceless. By employing a few simple techniques you can make the process both easy and enjoyable.

When I first entered college, I found myself having to manage my first income along with a sizeable amount of bills-rent, groceries, cell phone and recreation money. I spent the first semester going out to eat, to the movies and buying unnecessary items. I soon found that I had blown my savings from my summer job. Instead of having a comfortable financial cushion, I was soon living off a meager income from a part-time campus job-lets just say ramen noodles became a fixture of my diet.

Unfortunately, I had not set up a balanced budget to ensure I was paying all my bills, saving money and allotting for "fun" money. I had overlooked one of the crucial steps for managing money: I did not set up a budget to know how much I was making or spending. It is important to sit down with your pay stubs, bills and receipts to determine how much money can be allotted for each item. In fact, this basic step is really half the battle to ensuring a sound money management strategy.

The repercussions of not having a balanced budget can often cause you actually to lose money. For instance, many banks charge overdraft fees when you buy an item and do not have sufficient funds. While in college, I often found myself not only with depleted bank account but also a hefty overdraft fee-usually around $ 35 dollars-after not closely monitoring my spending. It is hard to imagine now, but I was actually paying for my poor money management choices.

So, what are a few simple steps to balancing a budget? The first step you must do is actually total the money you receive monthly. Add the sum of all the income or support you receive-whether it is from a job, rental property or a relative. After figuring out your monthly income, next add up all your monthly bills-rent, mortgage, cell phone, water, gas, electricity etc. Once you have both of these numbers, subtract your total income from your expenses and what remains constitutes your surplus from each paycheck.

Now, many people decide to spend their surplus income on personal hobbies or entertainment. While it is certainly appropriate to spend a portion of your income on these items, it is not wise to spend all your extra money on dining, clothes or other luxury items. Instead, saving a portion or investing your money in a personal project allows you to invest in yourself and help you grow as a person. For example, I spent my summers while in college working for a landscape company, so I could invest in my education and myself. Although I had a lot of surplus money …

Assignment Help Experts: The Best Finance Assignment Help Provider

Finance assignments are one of the most important tools in order to get the good score in MBA program and most of the students out there looking for the Best Finance Assignment Help Providers as writing a good Finance Assignment is not an easy task. It requires the detailed understanding of the complex concepts of the finance course which are also interconnected to other factors of the business such as sales and marketing, operations etc.

This typical and complicated nature of the course makes it crucial for the students to approach Online Finance Assignment Help from the professionals and experts to write their Financial Management Assignments and here, we, Assignment Help Experts come in the scenario.

Before we study about the Financial Assignment in detail, it will be good to get familiar with the concept of Finance:

What is Finance?

The Business Finance typically refers to those capital funds and credit funds which are invested in the business and financing means enabling money available when it is needed. In other words, it can also be defined as planning, raising, managing or controlling all the money which is being used or going to be used in business.

Any company financial position is analyzed via its finance such as financial accounting keeps the record of the financial transactions of the company so that it could give valuable information about the company to others who are willing to invest in that company.

Why you should hire Assignment Help Experts for your Finance Assignment Writing Help?

AssignmentHelpExperts.com is one of the best finance Assignment Help providers in Australia and UK which is efficient enough to assist you with the necessary custom writing services as per our client's needs. Our assignment experts are professional writers who are capable enough to provide finance assignment-help and they also make sure that they submit the assignment before the deadline so that clients can proof read the file before submitting it.

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24×7 available: You can get our help at any time and ask for …

The Upside to Trade Finance Advisory

Popular search engines are excellent examples, with over 75% annual earnings before five decades. Upon study of APICORP's history, strategy, activities and achievements, and valuable industry research, you'll find some helpful information about ways to mitigate risks whenever you are in a global trade. It is possible that even during intervals of low oil prices and financial crises, one can efficiently facilitate the access to capital for the business. It's important to know about the further costs related to making use of a letter of credit.

Many emerging markets provide opportunities which you cannot get in the country anymore. Through the years, the energy industry in the area has grown to play a critical role in the world economy. The company buying the receivables is known as a factor. So as your company grows so does the quantity of funding that is available to you. Trade finance is related to the procedure for financing certain activities related to commerce and worldwide trade. If you are worried about bad debts, many discounting companies can supply a facility that includes bad debt insurance policy protection for extra security. But if you're using traditional loan and overdraft facilities that the bank won't increase, then such a facility will give a solution for cash flow.

There are a few circumstances where overpayments can be arranged. However, this kind of advance is going to be determined on the grounds of the way the facility was maintained and if a successful and dependable transactional history was built up. This scenario would be exactly the tip of the iceberg on how best to get started researching a global stock. Moreover, you would like to be aware of just how much time you are eager to spend researching investment opportunities. The entire idea with stock timing is to learn the length of time you have until you'll really want the money. Because it takes time to understand the company, you may stay assured that your facilities will be structured around the authentic enterprise you do, taking into consideration your distinctive requirements at several phases of your trade cycle. It is comparable to those people who fear others because they don't attempt to understand them. I think it is suggested to begin investing globally because lots of people have a fear of the unknown.

After you start to formulate what risk you're comfortable with and also your long-term goals for investing, the next thing to do is to recognize a strategy that fulfills your requirements. One goal is to make certain that businesses have the sales-financing tools required to drive sales and better their competitiveness. The important thing is to understand what risk levels you're comfortable with and the best target of your investing strategy. For any business the prospect of terrible debt will stay a problem. We are aware that achieving great effects in the world market needs a thorough comprehension of best practice principles. There are many trade tools which are designed to aid businesses since they …

The Role of Islamic Finance in Economic Stability and Social Justice

One of the most distinguishing times for the US Islamic home financing industry began in February 2007. The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) sent out a press release announcing that it would no longer buy the most risky subprime mortgages and mortgage backed securities. Two months after the announcement, a leading subprime mortgage lender filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Three months after that bankruptcy filing, nationwide financing entities warned of "difficult conditions" ahead. Manifestations of such difficult conditions appeared on the horizon of the financial market when once well-established mortgage companies suddenly began to file for Chapter 11. Similar circumstances reached the UK as the Bank of England cleared an authorization to provide liquidity support to Northern Rock, the The country's fifth largest mortgage lender. Five months later, Treasury of the United Kingdom became the owner of Northern Rock.

Up until that point, the gravity of these "difficult conditions" was not fully understood by most of the populace. Late in 2008, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York was authorized to lend $ 85 billion to the AIG. This was the beginning of the most serious recession in the United States since the Great Depression. What followed was a chain reaction that led to an unprecedented global financial crisis, as the world suffered from rising unemployment, rampant foreclosures, and severe skepticism of financial instruments.

This led to a renewed spotlight on an unfamiliar market segment that appeared comparatively more stable and, more importantly, far more ethical: the Islamic financing sector. From the financial centers in Malaysia to the Middle East, spanning across over seventy countries, Islamic finance in the US increased from $ 5 billion in the 1980s to $ 1 trillion in 2010. This phenomenal growth caught the attention of global investors who were seeking to safeguard their investments through more ethical and reliable financial instruments. When financial sector workers realized that these Shariah-compliant instruments avoided many of the worst effects of the global financial crisis, it became an attractive investment vehicle to support a more diverse portfolio. The Shariah-compliant financial sector has avoided investment in predatory lending businesses and overly leveraged financial instruments due to the strict ethical nature of the Shariah governance system. News and media outlets started to cover this ancient yet unfamiliar industry in hopes of learning from the mistakes of the conventional banking sector.

The concept of the modern Islamic financial services industry is rooted in the principles of Islamic legal jurisprudence that deals with financial transactions, a branch of Islamic jurisprudence called Fiqh Al Muamalat. Fiqh Al Muamalat is a framework under Islamic Law that charts the conduct of Muslims in commercial or economic endeavors. Islamic finance products and rulings are based on specific injunctions from the Quran that prohibit certain features of financial transaction models and related economic activities.

The Quran forbids interest, also called usury or riba. The underlying reasoning is that Islam considers lending to be a charitable act to help another member of the society in …

Why Business Equipment Finance Makes Sense

If you are starting a new venture, or you are expanding an existing one, then you might be going through a menacing time to set things up. It is a complex undertaking when you have to spend a lot of money for more equipment, or else the new business won’t run. Equipment procurement is an essential part of setting up a business and you don’t have much choice but to buy new gears and paraphernalia to get things started.

First, you have to plan for the equipment needed and it is important that you know how to select the products that would address your needs. After you have determined the equipment needed, you have to create a plan on how you should be paying for the equipment. If you don’t have money to spend for it, then you probably need a business equipment finance company.

What is this company that would supply financing for your equipment purchase? Basically, this is considered a smart thing to do when you are short of funds to buy equipment. Or even when you have money, you can use the equipment loans to pay for practically any kind of business equipment you require. The amount you can borrow would vary and it would depend on the equipment you are procuring, and the state of the equipment such as if it is new or a used equipment.

You would normally need financing if you need a car loan. If you have already tried a car loan, then you have probably known how the financing system works. The equipment will serve as your collateral to the company that gives business equipment finance. The interest rates are fixed which can be from 8% to 30%, depending on the term. These companies also offer a fixed length for terms, and this gives the borrower ease in repayment through having the same amount of amortization every month.

The length of the loan term would also vary, depending on the nature of the equipment and how long it is expected to be useful. There is varying depreciation of different equipment and this is to be considered before the terms can be determined. Some equipment types are given 36 months or 48 months terms. But some terms provide only 12 months for loan to be repaid.

What type of business equipment can qualify for equipment loans? All sorts of equipment would be viable for this such as: IT equipment and computers, heavy machinery, medical equipment, scientific equipment and commercial vehicles.

Thus, you can get a loan for trucks, prime-movers, tractors, tankers, laptops, desktops, servers, factory automation, robotic assembly devices and many more. The list is long and you have to talk with the company’s representative to determine if the equipment you need can be financed.

You may get advised on having a lease on your equipment and not a loan. However, with a lease, you are only renting the equipment and it won’t be yours after the lease term is done. With …