The Role of Islamic Finance in Economic Stability and Social Justice

One of the most distinguishing times for the US Islamic home financing industry began in February 2007. The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) sent out a press release announcing that it would no longer buy the most risky subprime mortgages and mortgage backed securities. Two months after the announcement, a leading subprime mortgage lender filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Three months after that bankruptcy filing, nationwide financing entities warned of "difficult conditions" ahead. Manifestations of such difficult conditions appeared on the horizon of the financial market when once well-established mortgage companies suddenly began to file for Chapter 11. Similar circumstances reached the UK as the Bank of England cleared an authorization to provide liquidity support to Northern Rock, the The country's fifth largest mortgage lender. Five months later, Treasury of the United Kingdom became the owner of Northern Rock.

Up until that point, the gravity of these "difficult conditions" was not fully understood by most of the populace. Late in 2008, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York was authorized to lend $ 85 billion to the AIG. This was the beginning of the most serious recession in the United States since the Great Depression. What followed was a chain reaction that led to an unprecedented global financial crisis, as the world suffered from rising unemployment, rampant foreclosures, and severe skepticism of financial instruments.

This led to a renewed spotlight on an unfamiliar market segment that appeared comparatively more stable and, more importantly, far more ethical: the Islamic financing sector. From the financial centers in Malaysia to the Middle East, spanning across over seventy countries, Islamic finance in the US increased from $ 5 billion in the 1980s to $ 1 trillion in 2010. This phenomenal growth caught the attention of global investors who were seeking to safeguard their investments through more ethical and reliable financial instruments. When financial sector workers realized that these Shariah-compliant instruments avoided many of the worst effects of the global financial crisis, it became an attractive investment vehicle to support a more diverse portfolio. The Shariah-compliant financial sector has avoided investment in predatory lending businesses and overly leveraged financial instruments due to the strict ethical nature of the Shariah governance system. News and media outlets started to cover this ancient yet unfamiliar industry in hopes of learning from the mistakes of the conventional banking sector.

The concept of the modern Islamic financial services industry is rooted in the principles of Islamic legal jurisprudence that deals with financial transactions, a branch of Islamic jurisprudence called Fiqh Al Muamalat. Fiqh Al Muamalat is a framework under Islamic Law that charts the conduct of Muslims in commercial or economic endeavors. Islamic finance products and rulings are based on specific injunctions from the Quran that prohibit certain features of financial transaction models and related economic activities.

The Quran forbids interest, also called usury or riba. The underlying reasoning is that Islam considers lending to be a charitable act to help another member of the society in …

Role of Stock Market in Financial System

The stock market plays a crucial role in the financial system. It is considered as one of the best ways to increase their funds. But before you make any investment into the stock market, you should know how to get started. It may turn out to be a profitable affair as long as you know the tricks of the trade. To start with, you must have an account in your preferred brokerage.

You need to pay the corresponding transaction fee as they will be acting on your behalf. Primarily the stock market offer liquidity which empowers the financiers to trade efficiently on their securities. This is regarded as one of the best features of stock market investment. Also the exchange rates are vital in financial dealings as it eradicates the risk to personal purchaser or supplier.

Many pioneer economists believe that the role of stock market has opened new avenues in terms of financial as well as the economic growth of a country. Today with easy access to internet you can buy or sell instantly with online stock trading system. Although stock market can boost your financial stability but you should never overlook the risks attached to it.

Basically it's a matter of sharp market observation and speculation. The ever fluctuating stock market can leave you high and dry. You need to understand how to minimize the risks on your investments. Proper financial guide, market research, expert advice can help you to deal with the risks involved to a great extent.

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